Sleep apnea is a medical condition characterized by abnormal breathing patterns during sleep. This condition blocks the upper airway during sleep and as a result breathing repeatedly stops and starts. Sleep apnea can be caused by different medical conditions including large tonsils, neuromuscular disorders, heart failure or kidney failure, obesity etc. Most common form of such sleep disorder is obstructive sleep apnea. This problem occurs when soft tissue in the back of the throat relaxes and consequently blocks the passage of air. Another less common type of sleep apnea is central sleep apnea which is characterized by irregularities in brain signals to breathe. This medical condition is becoming a growing public health issue. Research indicates that one in five adults have mild obstructive sleep apnea symptoms whereas one in fifteen have moderate to severe symptoms. Obesity is considered to be the main factors in the hike in rates of sleep apnea. For example, the obesity rate in children is increasing day by day and as a result rate of sleep apnea is increasing.
Signs Of Sleep Apnea:
There are different signs and symptoms of having this disease. These include:
- Loud snoring.
- Difficulty in breathing.
- Unexplained fatigue.
- Mood swings.
- Dry mouth.
- Waking up with a headache.
Relationship Between Weight And Sleep Apnea:
Studies have shown that one of the most important and common factors that can lead to sleep apnea is weight. About 70% of adults who are suffering from obstructive sleep apnea are obese. Excess weight can not only cause sleep apnea, it can worsen the symptoms as well.
Sleep apnea can be diagnosed by the doctor after he goes through the sleep history of the patient and after looking out for signs and symptoms of this disease. This examination is done by a sleep specialist who might evaluate you overnight. There are different tests to detect sleep apnea. These include:
- Nocturnal polysomnography
- Home sleep tests
In nocturnal polysomnography an equipment is attached to the body which then monitors brain, lung and heart activities. Also observes breathing patterns and movement of upper and lower extremities. This test also observes blood oxygen levels in the body while one is asleep. Whereas some doctors might simply ask you to perform some simple tests to diagnose sleep apnea at home. These tests monitor and measure breathing patterns, oxygen level, heart rate etc.
Sleep apnea can affect any age group including children as well. Uncontrolled sleep apnea can lead to a number of medical risks or issues. One of the major risks associated with this disease is metabolic and cardiovascular health issues. Other risks factors include:
- Being male.
- Having large tonsils.
- Having small jawbone.
- Having sinus issues and allergies.
- Having history of sleep apnea.
Health Consequences Of Uncontrolled Sleep Apnea
Studies suggest that having sleep apnea increases stress on the heart and increases blood pressure. This is due to the fact that sleep apneas reduce oxygen levels in the blood which then activates the part in the nervous system responsible for increasing heart performance. Moreover obstructive sleep apnea can cause daytime sleepiness, depression and loss of memory as well.
Treating Sleep Apnea:
There are different ways or techniques through which sleep apnea can be treated. Doctors or sleep specialists start with the underlying root cause of the disease by observing sleep patterns of the person overnight. This disease can also be cured by the intake of heart medication and by stopping opioid medicines. As weight is also the main contributing factor for this disease, simply controlling weight can do miracles. Also sleeping on side instead of back can cure this disease as side sleeping helps in normal blood flow and less snoring. The latest therapy for curing sleep apnea is transvenous phrenic nerve stimulation. This is an U.S. FDA approved system which transports or delivers electrical pulses to nerves which control phrenic nerves during sleep which causes to breath.
Buying Sleeping Pills Online/UK:
Sleeping pills cam be made available on prescription in the UK. Sleep specialist or general physician will ask questions related to sleeping patterns and then ask for different tests. Different types of sleeping medications are available over the counter in the UK and also on prescription. These include lormetazepam, nitrazepam, loprazolam, temazepam etc. Antihistamines also prove to be effective in curing this disease. These can be prescribed by doctors or even purchased through online channels as these pills can sedate a person hence helping in sleeping. One should note that such pills can result in rebound insomnia after their intake is stopped after taking for a long time. Hence such pills are not recommended for consumption by the UK.
Benzodiazepines are considered to be helpful in increasing sleep time and quality. Benzos include Xanax and valium. In the UK purchase of such drugs over the counter or without prescription is considered to be against the law. Their possession is the same as possession of Class C drugs. Benzodiazepines, although illegal for use in the UK, can be found online. A broad range of websites or online pharmacies which operate compliantly provide different types of sleeping pills with fast next day delivery options. These online drug stores provide zolpidem, nitrazepam etc. The sleeping drugs can also be bought online without a prescription from the doctor. Study suggests that the ongoing situation of COVID has resulted in a hike in the number of people buying illegal sleeping pills online.
Tramadol is a pain-relieving drug which is used by people to treat severe to moderate pain. It induces drowsiness and makes a person sleepy during the daytime. But it can also affect sleep at night. However it should also be noted that intake of such drugs is also associated with sleep related breathing issues. Hence doctors might decrease the dose for patients suffering from sleep apnea. Therefore a dose of 50 mg is recommended.
Be it the poor lifestyle or the hectic flow of work in one’s life, it is very important to have a regular sleep pattern and try to avoid things which disrupt regular sleep cycles. Also, it is imperative that one should treat any sleeping issues naturally rather than grabbing hypnotic drugs as a priority treatment.